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CAS No 109-78-4 , 3-hydroxypropanenitrile

  • Name: 3-hydroxypropanenitrile
  • Synonyms: beta-Cyanoethanol; ETHYLENE CYANOHYDRIN; 3-hydroxy-;3-Hydroxypropionitrile;3-hydroxypropanenitrile; 109-78-4; 3-Hydroxypropanenitrile; Hydracrylonitrile; 2-Cyanoethanol; Propanenitrile;
  • CAS Registry Number:
  • Transport: 2810
  • Melting Point: -46 ºC
  • Flash Point: 128 ºC
  • Boiling Point: 228 ºC
  • Density: 1.04
  • Refractive index: 1.4246-1.4266
  • Water Solubility: >=10 G/100 ML AT 20 ºC
  • Safety Statements: Poison by inhalation. Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. Mildly toxic by skin contact. A skin and eye irritant. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. Reacts violently with mineral acids (e.g., chlorosulfonic acid, oleum, sulfuric acid), amines, or inorganic bases (e.g., NaOH). Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic and flammable vapors. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical, alcohol foam. When heated to decomposition or on contact with acid or acid fumes it emits highly toxic fumes of CN. See also NITRILES.
  • Hazard Symbols: Toxic by ingestion.
  • HS Code: 29269095
  • Flash Point: 128 ºC
  • EINECS: 203-704-8
  • Molecular Weight: 71.0779
  • InchiKey: WSGYTJNNHPZFKR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • InChI: InChI=1S/C3H5NO/c4-2-1-3-5/h5H,1,3H2
  • Risk Statements: S24/25
  • Molecular Formula: C3H5NO
  • Molecular Structure:CAS No:109-78-4 3-hydroxypropanenitrile
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109-78-4 3-Hydroxypropionitrile

  • China GreatAp Chemicals Co.Ltd. [Manufacturers]
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109-78-4 3-Hydroxypropionitrile

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109-78-4 3-Hydroxypropionitrile

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109-78-4 3-Hydroxypropionitrile

  • United States SKC Inc. [Manufacturers]
  • Tel: 724-941-9701
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  • Address: 863 Valley View Road Eighty Four, PA 15330-9613 Eighty Four,Eighty FourUnited States
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109-78-4 3-Hydroxypropionitrile

  • Hong kong Frapp's Chemical (NFTZ) Co.,Ltd [Manufacturers]
  • Tel: +86-576-81696106
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  • Address: General Chamber of Commercial Building, 159 Wanchang Middle Road, Wenling, Zhejiang, China Wenling,ZhejiangHong kong
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109-78-4 3-Hydroxypropionitrile

  • China Sino World Chemical Canada Inc. [Manufacturers]
  • Tel: +86-(10)-6493-1655
  • Fax: +86-(10)-6493-1652
  • Address: A-3 Jianguomenwai Street, Beijing 100020, Beijing,BeijingChina
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109-78-4 Ethylene cyanohydrin

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References of 3-hydroxypropanenitrile
Title: Ethylene Cyanohydrin
CAS Registry Number: 109-78-4
CAS Name: 3-Hydroxypropanenitrile
Synonyms: hydracrylonitrile; glycol cyanohydrin; b-hydroxypropionitrile
Molecular Formula: C3H5NO
Molecular Weight: 71.08
Percent Composition: C 50.69%, H 7.09%, N 19.71%, O 22.51%
Line Formula: HOCH2CH2CN
Literature References: Prepd by the interaction of ethylene chlorohydrin and alkali cyanide: E. C. Kendall, B. McKenzie, Org. Synth. coll. vol. I, 256 (2nd ed., 1941). Toxicity study: H. F. Smyth, C. P. Carpenter, J. Ind. Hyg. Toxicol. 26, 269 (1944).
Properties: Liquid. d425 1.0404. mp -46°. bp760 228° (slight dec); bp200 178°; bp100 157.7°; bp60 144.7°; bp40 134.1°; bp20 117.9°; bp10 102°; bp5 87.8°; bp1.0 58.7°. nD25 1.4241. Miscible with water, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, ethyl alcohol. Slightly sol in ether (2.3% w/w at 15°). Insol in benzene, petr ether, carbon disulfide, carbon tetrachloride. LD50 orally in rats: 10.0 g/kg (Smyth, Carpenter).
Melting point: mp -46°
Boiling point: bp760 228° (slight dec); bp200 178°; bp100 157.7°; bp60 144.7°; bp40 134.1°; bp20 117.9°; bp10 102°; bp5 87.8°; bp1.0 58.7°
Index of refraction: nD25 1.4241
Density: d425 1.0404
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 10.0 g/kg (Smyth, Carpenter)
Use: Solvent for some cellulose esters and many inorganic salts.